Jul 29, 2012 - Staff and wire reportsWith some states readying to start online gambling, Native American tribal leaders are calling on the federal government to step in as it did with brick-and-mortar gambling and establish regulations that ensure tribes get a piece of the action without having their revenue taxed and their sovereignty compromised.
Four in Fremont County
Wyoming has four tribal-owned casinos, all in Fremont County. The Northern Arapaho Tribe runs the Wind River Casino on the outskirts of Riverton and a smaller operation even closer to town, while the Eastern Shoshone Tribe operates the Shoshone Rose Casino near Lander and a smaller one in Ethete, all on the Wind River Indian Reservation.
Previous news reports have suggested the Wind River tribes are looking to expand gaming to Hot Springs County near Thermopolis. The Arapahos own land in that area.
Wyoming has not entered into formal discussions or legislative action on online gaming, but the state's decreasing revenues have sparked calls for a re-examination of gambling options, including a state lottery or partnership in a multi-state lottery. Some such lotteries use online technology.
A new set of regulations is unlikely before this year's election, but recent events have given momentum to efforts to launch online gambling in some states. Since a December 2011 Department of Justice opinion that not all Internet gambling is banned by federal law, Delaware has legalized online gambling and Nevada is closing in on making online poker possible. New Jersey too is working to make it a reality.
Some tribes worry that if left to states, they will end up with a patchwork of regulations that aren't considerate of the relationship Native Americans have with the federal government.
"Tribes should be extremely hesitant to entrust their economic futures to the tender mercies of the 50 states, many of whom are still in financial crises and looking for new sources of revenue," Bruce "Two Dogs" Bozsum said in testimony prepared for a Senate Indian Affairs Committee hearing on the Issue Thursday. Bozsum is chairman of the Mohegan Tribe of Uncasville, Conn., which has large casino operations.
Bozsum said his tribe has invested a "great deal of time" preparing Internet gambling regulations. "These regulations now stand ready to be implemented, and will meet or exceed the toughest regulations found anywhere in the world, including the new standards recently established in Nevada," Boszum said.
Big money for tribes
According to the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, tribal gambling was a more than $27 billion industry in 2011, while commercial gambling was $35.6 billion and worldwide gambling revenues were $30 billion.
Glen Gobin, secretary of the Tulalip Tribal Council, reminded the committee that he previously testified against legalizing Internet gambling. But on Thursday, Gobin said that with states ready to start their own Internet gambling, "tribes must have equal footing to participate."
Gobin said his tribe, in Tulalip, Wash., plans to move forward as gaming evolves because gambling revenue pays for many of the tribe's government services. The Tulalip do not have regulations ready because tribes' participation has not been decided.
"To say we are ready for the full regulatory aspect, we are not, but I have full confidence we have the capabilities," Gobin said.
Senate at work
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., and Sen. Jon Kyl, R-Ariz., have been working on online gambling legislation. Kyl is a previous opponent of online gambling. On Wednesday, the Senate Indian Affairs Committee spelled out how the federal government could regulate online gambling so tribes are protected and included at a meeting of tribal leaders for the National Indian Gaming Association's Legislative Summit Wednesday.
"We in Congress -- and especially on this committee -- also have a responsibility to ensure that tribal views and priorities are part of any legislation that could impact tribal gaming," said Senate Indian Affairs Committee Chairman Daniel Akaka, D-Hawaii.
The Senate also is debating whether to move forward on cyber security legislation, intended to protect U.S. computer systems and infrastructure from cyber attacks. But if the bill moves forward and ultimately passes the Senate, it still would need to be reconciled with a House version. Little other legislation has moved through Congress, making it more likely that any movement on Internet legislation would happen after elections in the lame-duck session.
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